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Nursery Program

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Nursery Program Objective

To provide children with educational, logical thinking, problem solving and adaptive behavioural skills in preparation for kindergarten and school inclusion. Children will build on the basic language, literacy and social skills that they have developed in the early years. Focus will also be placed on building logical thinking and problem solving skills. Early math and number skills are introduced and reinforced through practical experiences to ensure a good understanding of fundamental concepts. Children are encouraged to become more independent and to develop self-help skills that will help them become more effective learners.

  • Area of Focus
    Language and Literacy (including phonics) Cognition Social / Adaptation Skills Fine-motor Skills Gross-motor Skills Music Appreciation Arts and Craft Nature and Science exploration Physical Development (includes physical play and sports)
  • Language & Literacy
    Children will learn basic language and literacy through central themes that appeal to them (examples- stories by popular authors, our community helpers, etc). Children will learn to understand simple instructions and words when used in context. Children will also be introduced to phonics, letter identification through the Zoo-Phonics (see separate write-up) system. The primary mode of learning will be through practical and physical activities, purposeful play, stories, songs and rhymes. Through purposeful play, children experience the thrill of genuine achievement. The use of PECS (Picture Exchange Communication Symbols) will be introduced as a means of getting children to communicate. The program will use innovative equipment (eg computer medium, assistive technologies), experiential learning and good teaching materials to reinforce the child's interest in the language and trigger all their senses. This in turn, helps children express themselves in conversation, develop oral skills, which in turn helps them to use phrases in their daily life. Field trips, where possible, will be arranged to support the ongoing themes and promote social interaction. The school has Speech and Language therapists to help children with speech and language delays.
  • Cognition
    Children will learn math and spatial concepts and develop their problem solving skills and visual-motor skills through various work activities and symbolic play. Through purposeful play, exploration and discovery, children will use problem solving strategies to find solutions to their assigned tasks. Children also make connections and see relationships among ideas.
  • Occupational Therapy
    We have our own team of qualified Occupational Therapists who evaluate, specify and treat problems interfering with functional performance. Fine Motor Manipulation - Children are taught how to use their hands together, hold small items correctly and use a pencil and scissors in preparation for school readiness and dressing skills. Handwriting programme is also conducted. Perceptual Skills - Uses puzzles and copying designs to help children develop eye-hand coordination and other perceptual skills that affect functional mobility and home safety. Sensory Processing - Assists children in developing the perception & use of touch, movement, sight, sound, smell, the force of gravity and body position to function in their environment. Sensory Motor - Teaches children how to use their senses to move their bodies through the environment e.g. postural control, motor planning etc. Activities of Daily Living - Emphasis on achieving independence in daily living activities such as dressing, grooming, brushing, bathing, feeding & toileting Oral Motor Control - Assists children in learning how to use the muscles of the mouth to suck, swallow and chew. Learning to use a spoon and drinking from a cup is also emphasized. Behaviour - Works on children who need some sort of sensory input to focus on tasks in classroom and at home. Also helps children who are hypoactive and hyperactive to achieve optimal arousal state using sensory activities to perform better in different settings. Equipment/Seating - Provides children with the necessary equipment to facilitate development (seats, splints, adaptive spoons, straps for chairs and other specialized equipment). When needed, the environment is also modified to suit the children's needs, and to enhance their independence where possible.
  • Speech and Language Therapy
    Speech and Language Therapy (SLT) helps the child realize his or her maximum communicative ability. The Speech Language Therapist assesses the child's communicative ability and then prioritizes the intervention goals that best meets the child's needs. Intervention can begin with the child in an individual session, in a group setting or in consultation with the staff or parents. Speech and Language therapeutic intervention for the child may cover developing basic communication (pre-linguistic) skills, verbal comprehension, spoken vocabulary, sentence expansion, articulation, voice and a more efficient respiratory system. For some children, an alternative and/or augmentative communication(AAC) system may be introduced such as signing, object/picture communication system or specific AAC devices to enhance overall communication. Another important area that SLTs address is the development of appropriate feeding skills and maintenance of safe swallowing for the child.
  • Social / Adaptation Skills
    Through warm and nurturing classroom environment, children learn to develop their sense of independence, self-esteem and confidence. When working in groups, children learn to lead, follow, care, ask for help, co-operate, organize and make decisions - all useful skills for formal school and later life. Children will learn to express their feelings in words and gestures, resolve conflicts and work co-operatively. Stories and themes built around good social skills are also used to reinforce good social behaviour. Children will also be encouraged to perform daily routines like eating, taking turns, dressing, grooming, using the toilet, etc.
  • Fine & Gross Motor Skills
    Children develop gross-motor and fine-motor skills through a comprehensive program of outdoor activities, play and work activities. Gross motor skills are developed through outdoor activities like playground activities, water play, sand play, bicycles and tricycles and games. Fine-motor skills are developed through activities such as painting, threading, pegging etc - all designed to improve tactile integration and manipulation, grasping, releasing and bilateral skills.
  • Nature and Science Exploration
    Nature and awareness of the environment encourages the children to better appreciate the physical world that we live in. Nature and science exploration include growing plants, observing insects, walking in the park and nature trails. Science experimentation will be incorporated to explain concepts as part of the thematic learning. Regular field trips, designed around the themes for the month, will supplement children's understanding of the world.
  • Physical Development
    Playground activities, Sand play, Water play, learning to ride bicycles and tricycles have been incorporated into the curriculum to focus on the children's physical development and the development of gross-motor skills.
  • Field Trips
    Field trips are to be carried out as and when needed to support an ongoing theme or as a term end activity. Field trips help children learn and understand the world in a fun way. Field trips may include visits to supermarkets, parks, fire stations, the Zoo, the Birdpark, etc.
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